Welcome to Construction and Environment & Pollution. In this theme, you will learn about the power of the built environment to protect our historic buildings, and make sure we have local facilities like swimming baths and stadiums.

Extra Information about Construction and City Finances – optional

Construction and Tourism & Events?

Local events and activities like festivals and tourist attractions can cost the Local Authority a lot of money, but they usually generate lots of money for an area, too. How can construction manage events that are safe and well-organised?

Construction and Heritage Buildings?

Historic and heritage buildings are an important part of the landscape, and keeping them repaired and well-maintained is very important. How can construction look after these gifts from our past?

Construction and Local Authority Facilities?

The Local Authority of an area is responsible for collecting and spending local taxes, and one of the things they spend on is facilities for the public like parks, leisure centres and libraries. How can construction support the Local Authority?
1. Instructions from your Supervisor


Before a company like ours can bid for or begin a construction project, they have to know the types and quantities of the various materials required to complete it. This is to ensure a proper estimate of the costs and material requirements, and also to provide an indication of the labour costs associated with the installation or construction of the materials. This process is known as material take off (MTO), construction takeoff, or simply as takeoff. It’s an essential part of a project estimation process.

For smaller projects, experienced builders should be able to compile a material estimate in their head, but a more complete process is necessary for major projects. We must approach the task methodically to achieve the most accurate estimate possible. In addition to providing a highly accurate estimate of the costs and materials for our client, the material take off helps the job run smoother because all the people working on the project have what they need.

Our client is the local authority and they have asked us to price up the materials for the retiling of a public swimming pool so that we can bid for the work. Costs must be taken into consideration as this is public money from taxation and we must ensure best value for the community.

I have a task that needs completing, and I’d really like your help.

I would like you to calculate the cost and quantity of the materials that we require to retile this swimming pool, and complete the Local Authority’s online bid with your answers. Make sure you consider value for money when you assess the costs.

I’ve included the resources you need to complete the task, including documents, images, videos and templates. They should give you plenty of ideas and information.

Follow the instructions, and when you’re ready, complete your task. All this should take you about 45 minutes.

When you’re finished with your task, you can learn more about the employers, job roles and projects in this area of construction.